where do the richest French live?

where do the richest French live?

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GDP per capita: Ile-de-France dominates, overseas territories move forward (System: Getty Images)

GDP per capita: Île-de-France is overwhelmingly dominant, the overseas territories are progressing (Offer: Getty Images)

At € 57,600 per capita GDP in Ile-de-France, it is almost double the French average. The gap with other areas is abysmal.

This is a new study that risks reviving the controversy between Paris and the countryside. In a note published on Thursday, INSEE reaffirms the abysmal wealth gap between residents of Île-de-France and those other areas. “In 2020, per capita GDP is 34,100 euros in France. It increases to 57,600 euros in Île-de-France,” the INSEE estimates. Proof that France’s richest region is heavyweight without competition: Île-de-France is the only region with a GDP per capita higher than the national average.

The region headed by Valérie Pecresse represents 31% of the wealth produced in the country. Many factors explain this dominance. “The high level of GDP per job in Île-de-France, in relation to the presence of high value-added sectors, as well as the contribution of workers living in other areas,” the INSEE analyzes. Another advantage for Île-de-France: its low retirement rate which allows it to create a lot of wealth.

The outside world is lagging behind but …

Secondly, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and the GDP per capita of 33,205 euros weigh only 12%. The residents of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region complete the podium with a GDP per capita of 31,580 euros. The other ten metropolitan areas have a per capita GDP of between 31,580 (Pays de la Loire) and 25,571 euros (Corsica).

While Île-de-France alone accounts for almost a third of the wealth produced in France, the overseas regions represent only 2% of national GDP. As expected, it is in the Mayotte where the average wealth per inhabitant is the lowest (9,700 euros). A small consolation for the overseas territories is in the West Indies and Reunion where the average annual growth per capita grew faster between 2000 and 2019. In Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion, the increase in per capita employment during the period “contributes relatively more than in mainland France in terms of per capita GDP growth “.

The power of Île-de-France, a French peculiarity?

Historically, the centralization of power around Paris has always been the cornerstone of the French state. The Covid-19 crisis and the “decisions made in Paris” without consulting the districts, departments and local elected officials had caused some teeth to grind.

However, almost all European countries make centralism characteristic, albeit to varying degrees. “In Belgium, France, Poland and Hungary, the per capita GDP of the capital’s region represents more than 1.5 times the average per capita GDP of the country in 2020,” notes INSEE. On the other hand, Germany, Italy and Austria do not have their capitals in the richest region of the country.

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