The biofuel will be released on the market on July 1, 2022. What is this new fuel? What will be its uses? At what price will it be sold? La Dépêche takes stock.
This is one of the proposals of the Citizens’ Convention on Climate Change: a ban on domestic heating that uses mineral resources to protect the climate. From July 1, 2022, the installation of an oil or coal boiler in a new home will be prohibited and in case of failure, the owner has the obligation to replace his boiler with a more ecological device.
However, the fuel oil will not disappear completely. The biofuel will be released on July 1 by the FF3C (French Federation of Fuels, Fuels and Heating).
What is biofuels?
As its name suggests, biofuel is a derivative of fuel oil with a share of biological origin in order to have more ecological properties. Contains a percentage of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) made from rapeseed grown in France. Two products will be available to consumers:
- F10 consists of 10% oilseed rape fatty acid methyl ester
- F30 consisting of 30% rapeseed fatty acid methyl ester
The F30 that was initially released will be able to supply new boilers while the F10 could be generalized from 2024, “depending on the available resource”, the sector identifies. A delay that can be explained by logistical issues.
Do I have to change my boiler?
Today’s boilers can continue to operate with traditional household fuel oil. They tolerate a maximum of 7% maximum methyl fatty acid. Standardization work is underway to reach 10% with F10 biofuels. From 1 July 2022, only boilers that can operate with F30 can be installed in existing buildings for heating or hot water production. To use the F30, you will need to change the boiler burner and check the supply line. Each biocompatible material will be marked “Ready for biofuels”. A heating engineer can give you details.
Should I use biofuels?
You can continue to use your traditional household oil boiler without limit. Any boiler offer made before July 1, 2022 will also allow the installation of a conventional oil-fired boiler. In case of irreparable damage, you should switch to F30 biofuel and adjust the boiler burner.
Do I have to change my tank?
The transition from traditional fuel oil to biofuel does not automatically require a tank change. Steel and HDPE tanks are compatible according to the tests performed. On the other hand, cleaning will be recommended if the storage has accumulated sediment and / or water.
Does it heat biofuels like fuel oil?
The sector ensures that rapeseed ester has good combustion, good storage stability and good cold resistance.
Will it be more expensive?
Biofuels will be more expensive. F30 biofuel should be 15% more expensive than current fuel oil. However, the profession shows that a high efficiency boiler consumes 25 to 30% less than a 25 year old boiler. Therefore, the customer will save money in his account.
Does biofuels smell?
Professionals say that the F30 does not have a special smell.
Is it really greener?
Fossil fuel emissions are approximately 270 grams of CO2 per kWh. For biofuels, the emissions are about 60 grams of CO2 per kWh. It must not exceed the greenhouse gas emission limits.
Is fuel oil still used in France?
Obviously! More than 3.5 million households still use fuel oil. They live mainly in detached houses in rural areas. It is the third heating energy in France. Traditional heating oil will continue to be sold after July 1, 2022.
Where will rapeseed come from?
Rapeseed used in biofuels is mainly produced in the Center-Val de Loire, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté and Grand-Est areas. France is one of the main producers in Europe with Germany. In 2018, 5 million tons were produced. The industry ensures that rapeseed is “available in sufficient quantity without competition with human food”. It is a monoculture in rotation with wheat and barley.