Can France do without Russian gas? “Finally, yes,” according to Engie’s boss

Can France do without Russian gas?  "Finally, yes," according to Engie's boss


Short, medium or long? After considering in late March that France would need it “Medium or long term” Russian gas, the president of Engie estimated that our country would be “can probably reduce very significantly” his addiction from here to three or four years.

“In the long run, yes. The question is how long”, said Jean-Pierre Clamadieu on May 7 at the microphone of France Inter. Its operation is based on an entire infrastructure network (gas pipelines, liquefaction plants, etc.) that is complex to operate.

“If we had to deal with a violent shutdown, it is a scenario that is much more difficult and will require adjustments that will probably also be brutal,” the energy company boss added.

Russian gas accounts for 20% of Engie’s supplies

Especially since Russian gas still accounts for 20% of Engie’s supplies. It also announced on May 3 the purchase of 1.75 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas (LNG) per year as a result of a hydraulic crack process banned in France by the US NextDecade, which comes from the future Rio Grande terminal in Texas. 2026 and for fifteen years.

“Current tensions in the energy markets have strengthened the relevance of our strategy to diversify our sources of supply to meet our priority: to ensure security of supply for our customers,” said a spokesman for the energy company. The gallery on May 4.

The reversal began in late March, after Engie had then extended a contract with another US group, Cheniere Energy, to buy more LNG than expected for twenty years. Therefore, the tricolor company does not intend to give up the precious hydrocarbon soon, with these new contracts valid until 2040 and beyond.

Liquefied natural gas is the least polluting

And yet, LNG, which must be liquefied and then regasified, and which passes through the sea, proves to be at least polluting. In detail, its footprint is 58 grams of CO2 per kilowatt hour (KWh) on average, compared to 23 gCO2 / KWh for the “conventional” gas transported through pipelines. Not to mention that what is produced on American soil goes through a “hydraulic crack”, ie deep drilling, mobilizing large amounts of water and chemicals to break up rocks.

A process that has been banned in France since 2011 due to the risk of contamination of groundwater and methane leaks, this greenhouse gas with potential heating 80 times greater than CO2 on a twenty-year scale. In addition, this very point had gathered criticism in 2020 and resulted in the termination of the contract with NextDecade. But the situation has changed, Engie says today.

NextDecade has made significant progress by committing to reducing emissions at the Rio Grande terminal by 90%, in particular through a CO2 capture and storage project. “, Assures a representative The gallery. That gas will be (RSG), originating from the main gas producers in the Permia Basin [le plus grand champ pétrolier des Etats-Unis, ndlr] and Eagle Ford “, with “ control by an independent third party “, The team continues.

To get rid of Russian gas, Engie turns and turns to American shale gas, despite the climate emergency

A “sustainable energy transition” label with the Bureau Veritas

At the same time, on May 5, the energy company released a label “TED” (for “sustainable energy transition”) which is supposed to “to give citizens and territories guarantees of rigor and transparency ” for the development of wind farms so that they can “suitable”.

Designed jointly with Bureau Veritas, the world leader in auditing and certification services, Engie will include Engie’s solar and wind operations in France from June, before expanding to methanification in 2022, the group said. Subsequent inspections by the Bureau Veritas will be scheduled for 2023 and 2024.

“It is about building projects with local authorities, while providing confidence and systematizing our long-term commitments. On this basis, we will build personalized projects. Adjusting the location and exact height of wind turbines in a given area, for example,” he said. its general manager, Kathryn McGregor.

In particular, this tag contains nine commitments “exceeding regulatory requirements and which Engie undertakes to develop systematically “, the company claims. In order to enhance stakeholder participation, for example, a “should be developed for each project”personalized and scalable interaction system “or even “provides the local municipality with a positive impact assessment “.

TED: Engie’s miraculous solution to overcoming opposition to wind energy